Effect of crop geometry and nitrogen levels on leaf chlorophyll content of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) at different growth stages under rainfed Vertisols

Authors

  • B.B. NAYAK ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012
  • S. BHARATHI Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Lam, Gunter, Andhra Pradesh 522 034
  • M. SREE REKHA Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Lam, Gunter, Andhra Pradesh 522 034
  • K. JAYALALITHA Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Lam, Gunter, Andhra Pradesh 522 034

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.59797/ija.v69i1.5494

Keywords:

Chlorophyll content, Compact cotton, Crop geometry, Functional leaves, High-density planting, Nitrogen levels, Seed cotton yield

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during the rainy (kharif) season of 2018–19 at the Regional Agricultural Research Station, Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Lam, Gunter, Andhra Pradesh on Vertisols under rainfed conditions. To study the effect of crop geometry and nitrogen levels on compact cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Leaf chlorophyll content was measured with the Soil Plant Analysis Development meter (SPAD 502 Plus Chlorophyll Meter) at different crop growth stages. Among the various crop geometry studied, maximum chlorophyll (SPAD index) content, functional leaves per square meter and leaf area index (LAI) were recorded with close crop geometry 60 cm × 10 cm. Among nitrogen levels application of 180 kg N/ha recorded maximum chlorophyll content, functional leaves per square meter and LAI. Combined effect on crop geometry and nitrogen levels on chlorophyll content was recorded significant with closer geometry 60cm x10cm along with an application of 180kg N ha-1 at 90 days after sowing. Dry matter accumulation (kg/ha) at 30 DAS, 60 DAS, 90 DAS and at harvest was significantly affected by crop geometry and levels of nitrogen but not by their interaction.

Author Biographies

  • B.B. NAYAK, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012

    Ph.D. Scholar, Division of Agronomy

  • S. BHARATHI, Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Lam, Gunter, Andhra Pradesh 522 034

    Principal Scientist, AICCIP (Agronomy),

  • M. SREE REKHA, Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Lam, Gunter, Andhra Pradesh 522 034

    Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy

  • K. JAYALALITHA, Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Lam, Gunter, Andhra Pradesh 522 034

    Professor and Head, Department of Crop Physiology

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Published

2024-05-05

Issue

Section

Research Communication

How to Cite

B.B. NAYAK, S. BHARATHI, M. SREE REKHA, & K. JAYALALITHA. (2024). Effect of crop geometry and nitrogen levels on leaf chlorophyll content of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) at different growth stages under rainfed Vertisols. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 69(1), 112-116. https://doi.org/10.59797/ija.v69i1.5494