Effect of sowing management and herbicides application on weeds and yield of berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum)

Authors

  • PUSHPENDRA SINGH YADAV College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482 004
  • A.K. JHA College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482 004
  • M.L. KEWAT Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482 001
  • BADAL VERMA College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482 004
  • M.P. SAHU College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482 004

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.59797/ija.v69i1.5485

Keywords:

Economics, Green fodder yield, Herbicides, Seed yield, Sowing time

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during winter (rabi) seasons of 2020–2021 and 2021–2022 at research farm of College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh to study the impact of planting time and herbicides application on weeds and berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) yield. Experiment was conducted in a split plot design with 20 treatments comprising of 4 dates of sowing, viz. October 15th, October 30th, November 15th and November 30th in main plots and these were superimposed with 5 weed control treatments i.e. Pyroxasulfone 125 g/ha as pre emergence; Pyroxasulfone 125 g/ha at 14 DAS; Oxyfluorfen 100 g/ ha + Imazethapyr 15 g/ha after first cutting; Oxyfluorfen 100 g/ha + Imazethapyr 15 g/ha after first and second cutting, replicated thrice. Berseem variety JB 05-9 was sown in the experimental field with recommended package of practices. There was predominance of dicot weeds as compared to monocot in berseem at Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. Among the dicot weeds, Medicago truncatula Gaertn. (37.48%) and Cichorium intybus (L.) (27.74%) were predominant. However, other weeds like Cyperus rotundus (L.) (13.79%), Anagallis arvensis (L.) (11.21%) and Chenopodium album (L.) (9.78%) were also present in good numbers. Sowing of berseem in the thermal regimes of 15th October and application of Oxyfluorfen 100 g/ha + Imazethapyr 15 g/ha after first and second cutting was most effective treatment for curbing the growth of weeds as it attained the minimum density and dry weight of weeds during both the years. However, sowing of 15th October with application of Oxyfluorfen 100 g/ha + Imazethapyr 15 g/ha after first cutting recorded the superior values of growth parameters, yield attributing traits, green fodder yield, dry matter yield and seed yield and found more remunerative as it fetched the higher NMR and B:C ratio as compared to other combinations.

Author Biographies

  • PUSHPENDRA SINGH YADAV, College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482 004

    Senior Technical officer

  • A.K. JHA, College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482 004

    Assistant Professor

  • M.L. KEWAT, Rani Durgavati Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482 001

    Professor Emeritus

  • BADAL VERMA, College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482 004

    Guest Faculty, Department of Agronomy

  • M.P. SAHU, College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482 004

    Senior Research Fellow, Directorate of Weed Research

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Published

2024-05-05

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Section

Research Paper

How to Cite

PUSHPENDRA SINGH YADAV, A.K. JHA, M.L. KEWAT, BADAL VERMA, & M.P. SAHU. (2024). Effect of sowing management and herbicides application on weeds and yield of berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum). Indian Journal of Agronomy, 69(1), 71-77. https://doi.org/10.59797/ija.v69i1.5485