Effect of phosphorus levels and varieties on yield and yield attributes of mung bean (Vigna radiata) in climate condition of Badghis, Afghanistan


  • MOHIBULLAH SAMIM Badghis Institute of Higher Education
  • SHAMSULHAQ SHAMS Badghis Institute of Higher Education
  • KAPILA SHEKHAWAT Division Agronomy, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012




Mung bean, Phosphorus, Yield, Yield components


A field experiment was conducted during the spring season of 2020 at research farm of Badghis Institute of Higher Education, Badghis, Afghanistan to evaluate the effect of phosphorus levels and varieties on yield and yield attributes of mung bean [Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek]. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with 3 replications. The experiment was comprised 2, viz. varieties ‘Mai 08’ and ‘Nayab 98’ of mung bean with 4 phosphorus levels, viz. control, 40, 60 and 80 kg P2 O5 /ha. The results revealed that, mung bean crop fertilized with 80 kg/ha P2 O5 gave the maximum branches/plant (6.4), pods/plant (24.88), pod length (6.28), seeds/ plant (243.3), 1,000-grain weight (32.74), grain yield (1230.43 kg/ha), and harvest index (39.42). Phosphorus @ 80 kg P2 O5 /ha was found more economical for getting higher grain yield of mung bean crop. The maximum and higher number of branches/plant, number of pods/plant, number of seeds/plant, 1,000-grain weight, grain yield kg/ ha, and harvest index were recorded with ‘Mai 08’ variety


Ali, M.Z., Khan, M.A.A., Rahaman, A.K.M.M., Ahmed, M. and Ahsan, A.F.M.S. 2010. Study on seed quality and performance of some mung bean varieties in Bangladesh. International. Journal of Experimental Agriculture 1(2): 10–15.

Ayub, M. A., Tanveer, M.A., Choudhry, M.M.Z. Amin and Murtaza, G. 1999. Growth and yield response of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) cultivars at varying levels of nitrogen. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 2: 1,378–1,380.

Bourgault, M., Madramootoo, C.A., Webber, H.A., Stulina, G., Horst, M.G. and Smith, D.L. 2010. Effects of deficit irrigation and salinity stress on common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and mung bean [Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek] grown in a controlled environment. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 196: 262–272.

Choudhary, A.K., Rana, D.S., Bana, R.S., Pooniya, Vijay, Dass, A., Rana, K.S. and Kaur, R. 2015. Agronomy of oilseed and pulse crops. ICAR-Indian Agriculture Research Institute, New Delhi.ISBN978-9383168-21–7.

El-Adawy, T.A. 1996. Chemical, nutritional and functional properties of mung bean protein isolate and concentrate. Menufiya Journal of Agricultural Research 21(3): 657–672.

Hamim, H. 2016. Effect of varying potassium levels on productivity and profitability of Kharif mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) in semi-arid conditions of Kandahar. M.Sc. Thesis, Afghanistan National Agricultural Sciences and Technology University, Afghanistan, p. 51.

Jahish, F. 2016. Effect of different phosphorus levels on growth and yield of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.), M.Sc. Thesis, Afghanistan National Agricultural Sciences and Technology University, Afghanistan.

Kumar, R., Singh, Y.V., Singh, S., Latare, A.M., Mishra, P.K. and Supriya. 2012. Effect of phosphorus and sulphur nutrition on yield attributes, yield of mung bean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek]. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research 4(5): 2,571–2,573.

Mitra, S., Rhattacharya, S.K. Datta, M. and Banik, S. 1999. Effect of variety, rock phosphate and phosphate solubilizing bacteria on growth and yield of green gram in acid soils of Tripura. Environment Ecology 17: 926–930.

Muhammad, D., Gurmani, A.H. and Matiullah, K. 2004. Effect of phosphorus and Rhizobium inoculation on the yield and yield components of mung bean under the rainfed condition of D.I. Khan. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 20(4): 575–582.

Nadeem, A., Muhmmad, Amjad and Muhammad Akbar, Anjum. 2003. Growth and yield response to pea (Pisum sativum L.) Crop to phosphorus and potassium application. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Science 40(3–4).

Noorzai, A., Choudhary, A.K., Bana, R.S. and Prasad, R. 2017. Growth behaviour, productivity and profitability of promising mung bean varieties in semi-arid region of Afghanistan. Annual Agriculture Research 38(1): 78–86.

Prasad, K., Kumar, S., Pyare, R. and Rathi, J.P.S. 2015. Effect of FYM and biofertilizer in conjunction with inorganic fertilizer on growth, yield and profit of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Plant Archives 5(2): 609–612.

Singh, G., Sekhon, H.S., Sharma, Poonam and Bains, T.S. 2007. Response of mung bean varieties to plant populations in summer season. Indian Journal of Food Legumes 20(10): 115–116.

Tesfaye, M., Liu, J., Allan, D.L. and Vance, C.P. 2007. Genomic and genetic control of phosphate stress in legumes. Plant Physiology 144: 594–603.

Uddin, M.S., Amin, A.K., Ullah, M.J. and Asaduzzman, M. 2009. Interaction effect of variety and different fertilizers on the growth and yield of summer mung bean. American-Eurasian Journal of Agronomy 2(3): 180–184.

Yadav, C., Dindayal, L. and Singh, V. 2011. Effect of yield and quality of green gram varieties by foliar spray of urea and seed rate. Plant Archives 11(1): 289–291.






Research Communication

How to Cite

MOHIBULLAH SAMIM, SHAMSULHAQ SHAMS, & KAPILA SHEKHAWAT. (2024). Effect of phosphorus levels and varieties on yield and yield attributes of mung bean (Vigna radiata) in climate condition of Badghis, Afghanistan. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 68(4), 451-454. https://doi.org/10.59797/ija.v68i4.5472